High Blood Pressure

This patient is a 54-year-old female that has been complaining of headache and occasional nose bleeds. She is overweight and likes a lot of spices on her food. Her brother has kidney failure and gets dialysis treatments three times a week. He has had a history of high blood pressure for many years. The last time she was at the doctor, he gave her high blood pressure pills because her pressure was 170/100. The doctor told the patient she had an enlarged heart and her kidney function was not the best. She is very afraid of losing her kidney function and becoming dialysis dependent like her brother.


  • Severe headache
  • Chest pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abnormal heartbeat


  • High blood pressure, if not treated, can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
  • Two numbers make up your blood pressure reading. The top number is systolic pressure and the bottom number is diastolic pressure. If the top number is above 140 and the bottom number is above 90, then your blood pressure is high.
  • We are not sure what causes high blood pressure, but we know there are certain behaviors and conditions that increase the risk. Here are a few:
    • Obesity
    • Smoking
    • Excessive alcohol
    • Stress
    • Family history
    • Old age
    • High salt diet



There are things that you can do to lower your blood pressure and the best way to start is with healthy lifestyle changes.

  • Improve your nutritional intake by eating more fruits and vegetables, limit your meat, add more grains to your diet, choose healthy snacks and be aware of portion sizes.
  • Exercise should be a daily routine.
  • Avoid tobacco and excessive amounts of alcohol.
  • Weight loss is very important for proper blood pressure control.
  • Make sure you take medications prescribed by your doctor and keep your follow up appointments.


Learn More

Dr. OBey’s video on High Blood Pressure.
Informational Links can be found here.


Disclaimer: The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a healthcare professional. Please contact your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding any medical condition.

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