This patient is a 61-year-old man that felt numbness on the left side of his face with drooling. He also thought someone was tapping him on his hip.  The patient then realized that he had lost the function of his right arm and what he was feeling was his arm banging against his hip. At that point a family member called 911. It is important to know that when someone is having a stroke, time lost is brain loss.  The patient must get to the hospital as soon as possible.


  • Sudden onset of weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body.
  • Acute onset of confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.
  • Trouble seeing from one or both eyes.
  • Suddenly having trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
  • A severe headache with no known cause. 



There are many risk factors for stroke.  Some you can change or treat and some you can’t.

Risk Factors You Can’t Control:

  • Increasing age.  Strokes effect people of all ages. But the older you are, the greater your stroke risk.
  • Gender.  In most age groups, more men than women have strokes, but more women die from strokes.
  • Heredity and race.  People whose close blood relations have had a stroke have a higher risk of stroke themselves. African Americans have a higher risk of death and disability from stroke than whites. Hispanic Americans are also at higher risk of stroke.
  • Prior stroke.  Someone who has had a stroke is at higher risk of having another one.

Risk Factors You Can Control:

  • High blood pressure is the single most important risk factor for stroke.
  • Smoking cigarettes is another big risk factor.
  • Having diabetes mellitus increases the risk of having a stroke.
  • Carotid arteries supply blood to the brain and if fatty plaque occur the arteries may become blocked and that could cause a stroke.
  • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) are “mini strokes” that produce stroke-like symptoms that do not last.
  • Recognizing and treating TIAs can reduce the risk of a major stroke.
  • Atrial Fibrillation causes the hearts upper chambers to quiver and not beat effectively.  This causes the blood to pool and clot, increasing the risk of stroke.
  • Sickle cell anemia increases stroke risk because the “sickled” cells stick to blood vessel walls and may block arteries.
  • Other causes of stroke are high cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol intake, and illegal drug use.



Learn to recognize the warning signs of stroke. Because time lost is brain loss!

  • If the patient gets to the hospital within three hours of the onset of symptoms there are medications that can reduce the damage from stroke.
  • It is important to call 911 immediately if you experience symptoms of a stroke.
  • Talk with your doctor to learn more about recognizing, preventing and treating stroke.


Learn More

Informational Links can be found here.


Disclaimer: The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a healthcare professional. Please contact your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding any medical condition.

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